Friday, 11 October 2019

Diet for Person with Cardiovascular Diseases

                                         Diet as preventive medicine in Cardiology     

The main cause of death in patients with Coronary Heart Diseases is Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD). The Physicians has develop specific strategies which includes diet change of the person. The reduction of diet-dependent chronic risk factors of coronary heart disease, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes is also important. The association of cardio protective effects of the Mediterranean diet with those expected from the reduction in blood pressure, blood lipids and control of diabetes. This dietary pattern attracts most of the publics. They are use as a supplement or use as a Mediterranean diet.

The Mediterranean diet is abundant in minimally plant-based foods, rich in monounsaturated fats which are from olive oil, lower saturated fat, meat and dairy products is an ideal nutrition for person with cardiovascular diseases.

Thursday, 26 September 2019

Marijuana Risks in Heart Health

                             Marijuana risky for people with Heart Diseases:

Marijuana is a greenery herb also called as weed, herb, and ganja which people smoke in hand rolled cigarette called as joints is a mixture of dried flower of Cannabis sativa. Its cultivation was studied some 6,000 years back. At that time the cardiovascular and other health effects of cannabis was not well studied. Because cannabis is scheduled to have no acceptance in medical field or use and is a high potential abuse. That leads to have numerous restrictions on researchers making it difficult to carry out any research on Marijuana. It was originated in United States as a medicinal product in mid 1800s. Compared to smoking cigarettes, smoking marijuana is more risky as it causes many heart diseases and also leads to heart strokes.

From Cardiovascular perspective it is seen that marijuana is associated with increased risk for myocardial infarction and acute coronary syndrome, and increased sympathetic drive.

   Effects of Cannabis:
  •          Anxiety and paranoia
  •         Impaired memory
  •         Difficulty thinking
  •         Respiratory problems
  •         Heightened risk of infections, especially the lungs
  •         Cognitive impairment

Signs of use of Marijuana:
  •          Lack of focus
  •          Talkativeness
  •          Secrecy
  •          Sleepiness
  •          Increased food cravings
  •          Bloodshot eyes

The relaxing effect of cannabis is it increases the heart rate which results in the need of more oxygen. The occurrence of cardiac arrhythmias such as atrial fibrillation has been associated with effects resulting from parasympathetic stimulation induced by cannabis.

Sunday, 22 September 2019

Soybean Prevents Cardiovascular Diseases and Dysfunction??

Does Soybean prevent Cardiovascular Diseases and Dysfunction??

Soybeans are one of the most popular foods worldwide associated with many health benefits because its structure is similar to Estrogen. Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated that the consumption of soybean will improves the serum level in the patients who have high cholesterol level or hypercholesterolemia. Several studies have found out that the consumption of soy in flavones has prevented the Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD). Soybean is a rich source of is flavones.

Many is flavones has an antioxidants and anti-inflammatory actions. Is flavone having nitric oxide production to maintain a healthy endothelium and prevent endothelial cell dysfunction. These effects limit the development of atherosclerosis and prevent CVD and restore healthy endothelial function. The evidence supporting the benefits of soy is flavones in CVD prevention are increasing.

This review shows the recent progress in identifying the preventive mechanisms of action of soybean isoflavones on vascular endothelial cells. Also, it describes the beneficial roles that the isoflavones may have on endothelial dysfunction-related atherosclerosis.

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Friday, 13 September 2019

Incidence of Congenital Disease and Model that predicts Sudden Cardiac death in Children

Model that predicts Sudden Cardiac Death and Congenital Heart Disease:

Researchers have found out a recent stratification model for sudden cardiac attack in childhood which is known as Childhood Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM). To develop and to validate a pediatric risk prediction model for SCD in a childhood HCM, researchers have collected data from a retrospective, longitudinal cohort study to design a model which can identify patients at highest risk. Children of age 1 and 16 years were found to be as risk more and cohort was studied in between these ages.
The congenital heart disease appears to about 1 per 100 live born infants. In infants who die before term, however, there is a higher risk of congenital heart disease, with a tendency for an excess of complex lesions. Some of these lesions are associated with gross chromosomal abnormalities, which occur very frequently in first-trimester of abortions. Most of the chromosomal abnormalities are associated with a mal development of many organ systems that leads to fetal death in utero.

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Friday, 6 September 2019

Opioids risks of Heart Rhythm

Opioids: Increases the risk of Heart Rhythm

Opioids are the substances that act upon opioid receptors to produce morphine-like effects. They are medically used for pain relief which includes anesthesia. They are a class of drugs which are naturally found in the opium poppy plant. With addition of controlling pain, opioids can also make some people feel relaxed, happy or “high,” and can be highly addictive.

As opioids are highly addictive they can also increase the risk of common heart disorders that can cause stroke. The impact of opioids that risks for an abnormal heart rhythm which is called as atrial fibrillation. Atrial Fibrillation is an irregular and rapid heart rate which increases the risk of  heart stroke and other serious complications. The Atrial fibrillation is a common condition which affects approx 6.1 million Americans. Since it increases drastically the risk for heart stroke, prevention is key. The reduction of opioids may help in the reduction of atrial fibrillation.

Thursday, 29 August 2019

Heart Failure and Cardio-Oncology

Heart Failure and the management of the prevalent  non-heart failure cancer-related Cardiovascular Toxicities.

Heart Failure(HF)  occurs when our heart fails to pump blood as it should pump. It is one of the largest cause of morbidity and health care expenditure in the world and it continues to increase at an alarming rate. Most of the increasing problems is related to the rapidly increseaing population of HF with preserved ejection fraction, largely driven by the increasing rates of obesity, hypertension. In the last few years,  there have be tremendous advanced treatment  of patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction. Heart failure affects patients depending on their age. The recent study tells that the young patients with heart failure has lower risk of death but can have a poorer quality of life.
Cardio-oncology is the cardiovascular care of cancer patients is a new approach to improve prevention, early identification and management of cardio toxicity. In the recent years most of the focus has been on the detection and prevention of heart failure, cancer therapies are associated with a very broad range of cardiovascular toxicities which includes cardiac arrhythmias, hypertension and ischemic heart disease.

Friday, 8 March 2019

Does Blueberries lower the Cardiovascular Risk?

The color of the blueberries which is generated by the phytochemicals significantly improve cardiovascular health.

Hypertension "the silent killer" which has no visible symptoms in its early stages affects 1in 3 persons. Hypertension creates pressure on the cardiovascular system which may further give rise to stroke, heart and kidney failure.

The studies have recommended that people with high blood pressure maintain it by adopting healthy measures like taking healthy food, not smoking, balanced weight, etc. The following should be included in their diet like broccoli, spinach, pulses, berries, and fish. These control the risk of heart disease due to the presence of antioxidant polyphenols.

It is found that the color of the blueberries which is generated by anthocyanins is responsible for the mediation of the effects in the cardiovascular system.

To research on the effects of blueberries the scientists took a sample of blood pressure and calculated it through the flow-mediated dilation of the arteries. This FMD is a standard indicator of cardiovascular risks. This will measure the widening of the brachial arteries when the blood flow is at a higher rate.

Now the researchers compared drinking blueberries with drinking purified anthocyanins or control drinks that had concentrations of fiber, minerals, or vitamins equivalent to those in blueberries. They noticed the beneficial effects of the blueberry drinks only 2 hours after the participants had consumed them.

Purified anthocyanin’s applied a portion subordinate improvement of endothelial capacity in healthy people, as estimated by FMD. The endothelium is a kind of film inside the heart and veins. It contains endothelial cells that assistance controls the expansion and constriction of the conduits. Endothelial cells likewise help hold circulatory strain under wraps and assume a key job in blood thickening. They kept on saying that the impacts were like those of blueberries containing comparative measures of anthocyanins, while control drinks containing fiber, minerals, or nutrients had no critical impact. Following a month of having 200 g of blueberries every day, the members' pulse diminished by 5 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg), by and large. They noticed that such abatement is normally acquired with medicine.

They concluded like their results identified anthocyanin metabolites as major mediators of vascular bioactivities of blueberries and changes of cellular gene programs.  And anthocyanin’s circulating in the blood as phenolic acid metabolites. If the changes observed in the blood vessel function after having their blueberries daily would sustain for the whole person’s life then it could reduce the risk of developing heart diseases by 20%.